Published Papers - Cryptocurrency & Blockchain EDU

Distributed Ledger Technology for eHealth Identity Privacy: State of The Art and Future Perspective. (ncbi.nl) (free) 01/19/2020 - 6:21am
Related Articles Distributed Ledger Technology for eHealth Identity Privacy: State of The Art and Future Perspective. Sensors (Basel). 2020 Jan 15;20(2): Authors: Bouras MA, Lu Q, Zhang F, Wan Y, Zhang T, Ning H Abstract Electronic healthcare (eHealth) identity management (IdM) is a pivotal feature in the eHealth system. Distributed ledger technology (DLT) is an emerging technology that can achieve agreements of transactional data states in a decentralized way. Building identity management...
Blockchain, Case, Decentralized, Distributed, Distributed Ledger, Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT), Ledger, Ledger
A Survey of Blockchain Enabled Cyber-Physical Systems. (ncbi.nl) (free) 01/18/2020 - 6:36am
Related Articles A Survey of Blockchain Enabled Cyber-Physical Systems. Sensors (Basel). 2020 Jan 03;20(1): Authors: Rathore H, Mohamed A, Guizani M Abstract Cyber-physical systems (CPS) is a setup that controls and monitors the physical world around us. The advancement of these systems needs to incorporate an unequivocal spotlight on making these systems efficient. Blockchains and their inherent combination of consensus algorithms, distributed data storage, and secure protocols can be utilized...
Blockchain, Centralized, Consensus, Decentralized, Distributed, Network
A Mobile Cloud based IoMT Framework for Automated Health Assessment and Management. (ncbi.nl) (free) 01/18/2020 - 6:36am
Related Articles A Mobile Cloud based IoMT Framework for Automated Health Assessment and Management. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2019 Jul;2019:6517-6520 Authors: Nguyen DC, Nguyen KD, Pathirana PN Abstract In recent years, there has been growing interest in the use of mobile cloud and Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) in automated diagnosis and health monitoring. These applications play a significant role in providing smart medical services in modern healthcare systems. In this paper, we...
Blockchain, Cloud, DaTa eXchange, Exchange, Network
A Secure and Portable Multi-Sensor Module for Distributed Air Pollution Monitoring. (ncbi.nl) (free) 01/16/2020 - 7:21am
Related Articles A Secure and Portable Multi-Sensor Module for Distributed Air Pollution Monitoring. Sensors (Basel). 2020 Jan 10;20(2): Authors: Kolumban-Antal G, Lasak V, Bogdan R, Groza B Abstract Air quality in urban environments has become a central issue of our present society as it affects the health and lives of the population all over the world. The first step in mitigating negative effects is proper measurement of the pollution level. This work presents a portable air pollution...
Blockchain, Carry, Cryptography, Distributed, Elliptic, Exchange, Network
The evolving topology of the Lightning Network: Centralization, efficiency, robustness, synchronization, and anonymity. (ncbi.nl) (free) 01/16/2020 - 7:06am
The evolving topology of the Lightning Network: Centralization, efficiency, robustness, synchronization, and anonymity. PLoS One. 2020;15(1):e0225966 Authors: Martinazzi S, Flori A Abstract The Lightning Network (LN) was released on Bitcoin's mainnet in January 2018 as a solution to favor scalability. This work analyses the evolution of the LN during its first year of existence in order to assess its impact over some of the core fundamentals of Bitcoin, such as: node centralization, resilience...
Bitcoin, Centralized, Lightning Network, Lightning Network, Mainnet, Network, Node
Blockchain vehicles for efficient Medical Record management. (ncbi.nl) (free) 01/15/2020 - 6:51am
Blockchain vehicles for efficient Medical Record management. NPJ Digit Med. 2020;3:1 Authors: Vazirani AA, O'Donoghue O, Brindley D, Meinert E Abstract The lack of interoperability in Britain's medical records systems precludes the realisation of benefits generated by increased spending elsewhere in healthcare. Growing concerns regarding the security of online medical data following breaches, and regarding regulations governing data ownership, mandate strict parameters in the development of...
Blockchain, Cryptocurrency, Distributed, Distributed Ledger, Ledger, Ledger, Long, Network
Examining the Potential of Blockchain Technology to Meet the Needs of 21st-Century Japanese Health Care: Viewpoint on Use Cases and Policy. (ncbi.nl) (free) 01/10/2020 - 6:38am
Examining the Potential of Blockchain Technology to Meet the Needs of 21st-Century Japanese Health Care: Viewpoint on Use Cases and Policy. J Med Internet Res. 2020 Jan 09;22(1):e13649 Authors: Mackey T, Bekki H, Matsuzaki T, Mizushima H Abstract Japan is undergoing a major population health transition as its society ages, and it continues to experience low birth rates. An aging Japan will bring new challenges to its public health system, highlighted as a model for universal health coverage (...
Address, Blockchain, Centralized, Innovations, Japan, Long
Design of a Secure Medical Data Sharing Scheme Based on Blockchain. (ncbi.nl) (free) 01/10/2020 - 6:38am
Design of a Secure Medical Data Sharing Scheme Based on Blockchain. J Med Syst. 2020 Jan 08;44(2):52 Authors: Cheng X, Chen F, Xie D, Sun H, Huang C Abstract With the rapid development of technologies such as artificial intelligence, blockchain, cloud computing, and big data, Medical Cyber Physical Systems (MCPS) are increasingly demanding data security, while cloud storage solves the storage problem of complex medical data. However, it is difficult to realize data security sharing. The...
Blockchain, Cloud, Network, Node
Framework and algorithms for identifying honest blocks in blockchain. (ncbi.nl) (free) 01/09/2020 - 6:40am
Framework and algorithms for identifying honest blocks in blockchain. PLoS One. 2020;15(1):e0227531 Authors: Wang X, Gan G, Wu LY Abstract Blockchain technology gains more and more attention in the past decades and has been applied in many areas. The main bottleneck for the development and application of blockchain is its limited scalability. Blockchain with directed acyclic graph structure (BlockDAG) is proposed in order to alleviate the scalability problem. One of the key technical problems...
Algorithm, Block, Blockchain, Gains
Data Query Mechanism Based on Hash Computing Power of Blockchain in Internet of Things. (ncbi.nl) (free) 01/08/2020 - 6:36am
Data Query Mechanism Based on Hash Computing Power of Blockchain in Internet of Things. Sensors (Basel). 2019 Dec 30;20(1): Authors: Ren Y, Zhu F, Sharma PK, Wang T, Wang J, Alfarraj O, Tolba A Abstract In the IoT (Internet of Things) environment, smart homes, smart grids, and telematics constantly generate data with complex attributes. These data have low heterogeneity and poor interoperability, which brings difficulties to data management and value mining. The promising combination of...
Bitcoin, Blockchain, Blockchain of Things, Bloom, Hash, Internet of Things, Mining, Ren, Timestamp
Visualization of Blockchain Data: A Systematic Review. (ncbi.nl) (free) 01/04/2020 - 6:36am
Visualization of Blockchain Data: A Systematic Review. IEEE Trans Vis Comput Graph. 2019 Dec 30;: Authors: Tovanich N, Heulot N, Fekete JD, Isenberg P Abstract We present a systematic review of visual analytics tools used for the analysis of blockchains-related data. The blockchain concept has recently received considerable attention and spurred applications in a variety of domains. We systematically and quantitatively assessed 76 analytics tools that have been proposed in research as well as...
Blockchain
Blockchain Technology: Principles and Applications in Medical Imaging. (ncbi.nl) (free) 01/04/2020 - 6:36am
Related Articles Blockchain Technology: Principles and Applications in Medical Imaging. J Digit Imaging. 2020 Jan 02;: Authors: McBee MP, Wilcox C Abstract Blockchain is an immutable, encrypted, distributed ledger technology. While initially devised for and most commonly referenced with cryptocurrencies, there are an increasing number of applications outside finance, many of which are relevant to medical imaging. In this paper, the concepts and principles underlying the technology and...
Altcoins, Blockchain, Distributed, Distributed Ledger, Immutable, Ledger, Ledger
Transfer entropy as a variable selection methodology of cryptocurrencies in the framework of a high dimensional predictive model. (ncbi.nl) (free) 01/03/2020 - 6:21am
Transfer entropy as a variable selection methodology of cryptocurrencies in the framework of a high dimensional predictive model. PLoS One. 2020;15(1):e0227269 Authors: García-Medina A, González Farías G Abstract We determine the number of statistically significant factors in a high dimensional predictive model of cryptocurrencies using a random matrix test. The applied predictive model is of the reduced rank regression (RRR) type; in particular, we choose a flavor that can be regarded as...
Altcoins, Cryptocurrency, Network, Rank
A Machine Learning-Based Method for Automated Blockchain Transaction Signing Including Personalized Anomaly Detection. (ncbi.nl) (free) 12/29/2019 - 12:06pm
Related Articles A Machine Learning-Based Method for Automated Blockchain Transaction Signing Including Personalized Anomaly Detection. Sensors (Basel). 2019 Dec 25;20(1): Authors: Podgorelec B, Turkanović M, Karakatič S Abstract The basis of blockchain-related data, stored in distributed ledgers, are digitally signed transactions. Data can be stored on the blockchain ledger only after a digital signing process is performed by a user with a blockchain-based digital identity. However, this...
Blockchain, Digital Identity, Distributed, Ethereum, Ledger, Ledger, Network
Secure and Blockchain-Based Emergency Driven Message Protocol for 5G Enabled Vehicular Edge Computing. (ncbi.nl) (free) 12/29/2019 - 11:54am
Related Articles Secure and Blockchain-Based Emergency Driven Message Protocol for 5G Enabled Vehicular Edge Computing. Sensors (Basel). 2019 Dec 25;20(1): Authors: Nkenyereye L, Adhi Tama B, Shahzad MK, Choi YH Abstract Basic safety message (BSM) are messages that contain core elements of a vehicle such as vehicle's size, position, speed, acceleration and others. BSM are lightweight messages that can be regularly broadcast by the vehicles to enable a variety of applications. On the other hand...
Blockchain, Distributed, Protocol
Integrated Management of Network Address Translation, Mobility and Security on the Blockchain Control Plane. (ncbi.nl) (free) 12/28/2019 - 6:21am
Related Articles Integrated Management of Network Address Translation, Mobility and Security on the Blockchain Control Plane. Sensors (Basel). 2019 Dec 21;20(1): Authors: Jung Y, Agulto R Abstract Currently, the dual use of IPv4 and IPv6 is becoming a problem. In particular, Network Address Translation (NAT) is an important issue to be solved because of traversal problems in end-to-end applications for lots of mobile IoT devices connected to different private networks. The vertical model is...
Address, Blockchain, Network
Blockchain in healthcare and health sciences-A scoping review. (ncbi.nl) (free) 12/23/2019 - 6:36am
Blockchain in healthcare and health sciences-A scoping review. Int J Med Inform. 2019 Dec 11;134:104040 Authors: Hasselgren A, Kralevska K, Gligoroski D, Pedersen SA, Faxvaag A Abstract BACKGROUND: Blockchain can be described as an immutable ledger, logging data entries in a decentralized manner. This new technology has been suggested to disrupt a wide range of data-driven domains, including the health domain. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to systematically review, assess and...
Blockchain, Decentralized, Ethereum, Immutable, Ledger, Ledger
DUSTBot: A duplex and stealthy P2P-based botnet in the Bitcoin network. (ncbi.nl) (free) 12/21/2019 - 6:36am
DUSTBot: A duplex and stealthy P2P-based botnet in the Bitcoin network. PLoS One. 2019;14(12):e0226594 Authors: Zhong Y, Zhou A, Zhang L, Jing F, Zuo Z Abstract As the root cause of illegal cyber activities, botnets are evolving continuously over the last two decades. Current researches on botnet command and control mechanism based on blockchain network suffer from high economic cost, single point of failure, and limited scalability. In this paper, we present DUSTBot, a novel P2P botnet model...
Algorithm, Bitcoin, Block, Blockchain, Cloud, Ethereum, Exchange, Hash, Network, Node, Testnet
Dwarna: a blockchain solution for dynamic consent in biobanking. (ncbi.nl) (free) 12/18/2019 - 6:21am
Related Articles Dwarna: a blockchain solution for dynamic consent in biobanking. Eur J Hum Genet. 2019 Dec 16;: Authors: Mamo N, Martin GM, Desira M, Ellul B, Ebejer JP Abstract Dynamic consent aims to empower research partners and facilitate active participation in the research process. Used within the context of biobanking, it gives individuals access to information and control to determine how and where their biospecimens and data should be used. We present Dwarna-a web portal for 'dynamic...
Blockchain, Immutable, Malta, Portal
Social media and bitcoin metrics: which words matter. (ncbi.nl) (free) 12/12/2019 - 6:06am
Social media and bitcoin metrics: which words matter. R Soc Open Sci. 2019 Oct;6(10):191068 Authors: Burnie A, Yilmaz E Abstract We develop a new Data-Driven Phasic Word Identification (DDPWI) methodology to determine which words matter as the bitcoin pricing dynamic changes from one phase to another. With Google search volumes as a baseline, we find that Reddit submissions are both correlated with Google and have a comparable relationship with a variety of bitcoin metrics, using Spearman's rho...
Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency, Market, Rank
School of Block-Review of Blockchain for the Radiologists. (ncbi.nl) (free) 12/11/2019 - 6:22am
Related Articles School of Block-Review of Blockchain for the Radiologists. Acad Radiol. 2020 Jan;27(1):47-57 Authors: Abdullah S, Rothenberg S, Siegel E, Kim W Abstract Blockchain, the underlying technology for Bitcoin, is a distributed digital ledger technology that enables record verification by many independent parties rather than a centralized authority, therefore making it more difficult to tamper with the data. This emerging technology has the potential to enhance various authentication...
Bitcoin, Block, Blockchain, Centralized, Distributed, Ledger, Ledger
Attitudes Toward Blockchain Technology in Managing Medical Information: Survey Study. (ncbi.nl) (free) 12/10/2019 - 6:06am
Attitudes Toward Blockchain Technology in Managing Medical Information: Survey Study. J Med Internet Res. 2019 Dec 09;21(12):e15870 Authors: Hau YS, Lee JM, Park J, Chang MC Abstract BACKGROUND: The recently developed blockchain technology uses a peer-to-peer network to distribute data to all participants for storage. This method enhances data safety, reliability, integrity, and transparency. To successfully introduce blockchain technology to medical data management, it is essential to obtain...
Blockchain, Network
BPRF: Blockchain-based privacy-preserving reputation framework for participatory sensing systems. (ncbi.nl) (free) 12/06/2019 - 6:06am
BPRF: Blockchain-based privacy-preserving reputation framework for participatory sensing systems. PLoS One. 2019;14(12):e0225688 Authors: Jo HJ, Choi W Abstract Participatory sensing is gaining popularity as a method for collecting and sharing information from distributed local environments using sensor-rich mobile devices. There are a number of participatory sensing applications currently in wide use, such as location-based service applications (e.g., Waze navigation). Usually, these...
Blockchain, Distributed
Blockchain-Enabled iWellChain Framework Integration With the National Medical Referral System: Development and Usability Study. (ncbi.nl) (free) 12/05/2019 - 7:21pm
Related Articles Blockchain-Enabled iWellChain Framework Integration With the National Medical Referral System: Development and Usability Study. J Med Internet Res. 2019 Dec 04;21(12):e13563 Authors: Lo YS, Yang CY, Chien HF, Chang SS, Lu CY, Chen RJ Abstract BACKGROUND: Medical referral is the transfer of a patient's care from one physician to another upon request. This process involves multiple steps that require provider-to-provider and provider-to-patient communication. In Taiwan, the...
Blockchain, Decentralized, Distributed, Exchange, Network, Taiwan
A Secure Occupational Therapy Framework for Monitoring Cancer Patients' Quality of Life. (ncbi.nl) (free) 12/05/2019 - 7:21pm
Related Articles A Secure Occupational Therapy Framework for Monitoring Cancer Patients' Quality of Life. Sensors (Basel). 2019 Nov 29;19(23): Authors: Abdur Rahman M, Rashid MM, Le Kernec J, Philippe B, Barnes SJ, Fioranelli F, Yang S, Romain O, Abbasi QH, Loukas G, Imran M Abstract Once diagnosed with cancer, a patient goes through a series of diagnosis and tests, which are referred to as "after cancer treatment". Due to the nature of the treatment and side effects, maintaining quality of...
Blockchain, Immutable, Internet of Things
Applications of Blockchain Technology for Data-Sharing in Oncology: Results from a Systematic Literature Review. (ncbi.nl) (free) 12/04/2019 - 6:21am
Applications of Blockchain Technology for Data-Sharing in Oncology: Results from a Systematic Literature Review. Oncology. 2019 Dec 03;:1-9 Authors: Dubovitskaya A, Novotny P, Xu Z, Wang F Abstract BACKGROUND: Timely sharing of electronic health records across providers, while ensuring data security and privacy, is essential for prompt care of cancer patients, as well as for the development of medical research and the enhancement of personalized medicine. Yet, it is not trivial to achieve...
Blockchain, DaTa eXchange, Decentralized, Distributed, Distributed Ledger, Exchange, Gravity, International..., Ledger, Ledger, Traceability ...
Data Storage. (ncbi.nl) (free) 12/04/2019 - 6:21am
Data Storage. Handb Exp Pharmacol. 2019 Dec 03;: Authors: Blumzon CFI, Pănescu AT Abstract While research data has become integral to the scholarly endeavour, a number of challenges hinder its development, management and dissemination. This chapter follows the life cycle of research data, by considering aspects ranging from storage and preservation to sharing and legal factors. While it provides a wide overview of the current ecosystem, it also pinpoints the elements comprising the modern...
Blockchain
Social and Psychological Predictors of Youths' Attitudes to Cryptocurrency. (ncbi.nl) (free) 11/24/2019 - 6:06am
Related Articles Social and Psychological Predictors of Youths' Attitudes to Cryptocurrency. Behav Sci (Basel). 2019 Nov 20;9(12): Authors: Gagarina M, Nestik T, Drobysheva T Abstract The objectives of the study were to verify the "Attitudes Toward Cryptocurrencies Questionnaire" and to identify predictors of attitudes toward Bitcoin. Sample: 262 participants aged 17 to 30, of which 45% were male. Methods: Associations, "Value Scale", "The Moral Foundations Questionnaire", "Money Beliefs and...
Altcoins, Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency, Desire
S2HS- A blockchain based approach for smart healthcare system. (ncbi.nl) (free) 11/23/2019 - 6:36am
Related Articles S2HS- A blockchain based approach for smart healthcare system. Healthc (Amst). 2019 Nov 18;:100391 Authors: Tripathi G, Ahad MA, Paiva S Abstract Healthcare domain has emerged as one of the most preferred use cases of IoT and its related technologies. However, its widespread adoption is still a distant dream. The primary reason behind this is the security and privacy of the data and the participating entities. To overcome this, blockchain technology has emerged as a convenient...
Blockchain
Life Cycle Assessment of Bitcoin Mining. (ncbi.nl) (free) 11/21/2019 - 6:36am
Life Cycle Assessment of Bitcoin Mining. Environ Sci Technol. 2019 Nov 20;: Authors: Köhler S, Pizzol M Abstract This study estimates the environmental impact of mining Bitcoin, the most well-known blockchain-based cryptocurrency, and contributes to the discussion on the technology's supposedly large energy consumption and carbon footprint. The lack of a robust methodological framework and of accurate data on key factors determining Bitcoin's impact have so far been the main obstacles in such...
Bitcoin, Blockchain, Cryptocurrency, Miners, Mining, Network
Secure Trust-Based Blockchain Architecture to Prevent Attacks in VANET. (ncbi.nl) (free) 11/20/2019 - 6:06am
Related Articles Secure Trust-Based Blockchain Architecture to Prevent Attacks in VANET. Sensors (Basel). 2019 Nov 14;19(22): Authors: Khan AS, Balan K, Javed Y, Tarmizi S, Abdullah J Abstract Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANET) are also known as intelligent transportation systems. VANET ensures timely and accurate communications between vehicle to vehicle (V2V) and vehicle to infrastructure (V2I) to improve road safety and enhance the efficiency of traffic flow. Due to its open wireless boundary...
Blockchain, Carry, Exchange, Network
A type of block withholding delay attack and the countermeasure based on type-2 fuzzy inference. (ncbi.nl) (free) 11/17/2019 - 8:51am
Related Articles A type of block withholding delay attack and the countermeasure based on type-2 fuzzy inference. Math Biosci Eng. 2019 Oct 09;17(1):309-327 Authors: Liu L, Chen W, Zhang L, Liu JY, Qin J Abstract We proposed a new type of bitcoin withholding attack named block withholding delay (BWD). It is different from the traditional withholding attacks which always drop valid blocks. BWD attackers never discard blocks but they delay the submissions of blocks to the pool managers, resulting...
Bitcoin, Block, Miners, Mining, Network
Are the Innovative Electronic Labels for Extra Virgin Olive Oil Sustainable, Traceable, and Accepted by Consumers? (ncbi.nl) (free) 11/17/2019 - 8:36am
Related Articles Are the Innovative Electronic Labels for Extra Virgin Olive Oil Sustainable, Traceable, and Accepted by Consumers? Foods. 2019 Oct 25;8(11): Authors: Violino S, Pallottino F, Sperandio G, Figorilli S, Antonucci F, Ioannoni V, Fappiano D, Costa C Abstract Traceability is the ability to follow the displacement of food through its entire chain. Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) represents Italian excellence, with consumers' increased awareness for traceability. The aim of this work is...
Blockchain, Olive, Platform, QR Code, Traceability ...
Blockchain in Smart Grids: A Review on Different Use Cases. (ncbi.nl) (free) 11/14/2019 - 9:21am
Blockchain in Smart Grids: A Review on Different Use Cases. Sensors (Basel). 2019 Nov 08;19(22): Authors: Alladi T, Chamola V, Rodrigues JJPC, Kozlov SA Abstract With the integration of Wireless Sensor Networks and the Internet of Things, the smart grid is being projected as a solution for the challenges regarding electricity supply in the future. However, security and privacy issues in the consumption and trading of electricity data pose serious challenges in the adoption of the smart grid. To...
Address, Block, Blockchain, Case, Internet of Things
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